Poland vetoes bill seen as hostile to Discovery-owned news channel TVN24


Poland’s president vetoed a media bill that critics said was aimed at silencing a Discovery-owned news channel that is critical of the government, citing worries about the strain the law would put on relations with Washington.

The move allows NATO-member Poland to sidestep a potentially explosive row with the US at a time of heightened tension in eastern Europe amid what some countries see as increased Russian assertiveness.

However, the decision means that a project voted through parliament by the ruling nationalist Law and Justice (PiS) has been blocked by a president elected as their ally.

President Andrzej Duda said in a televised statement on Monday that if the law came into force it could violate a treaty signed with the US on economic and trade relations.

“One of the arguments considered during the analyzes of this law was the issue of an international agreement that was concluded in 1990 … this treaty speaks about the protection of investments,” he said.

President Andrzej Duda speaks at a podium
Technically, the Polish parliament can override President Andrzej Duda’s veto, but it probably won’t have enough votes.

“There is a clause which says that media-related investments may be excluded, but it concerns future investments.”

The US had urged Duda to use his veto. The US charge d’affaires in Warsaw, Bix Aliu, thanked him on Twitter ” … for leadership and commitment to common democratic values and for protecting the investment climate in Poland.”

Unexpectedly rushed through parliament this month, the legislation would have tightened rules around foreign ownership of media, specifically affecting the ability of news channel TVN24, owned by US media company Discovery, to operate.

Demonstrators hold a TVN sign with a peace symbol
Discovery owns TVN, the parent of TVN24, a channel that has criticized the Polish government.
AFP via Getty Images

TVN24’s parent, TVN, is owned by Discovery via a firm registered in the Netherlands in order to get around a ban on non-European firms owning more than 49% of Polish media companies. The law, which drew nationwide protests, would have prevented this workaround.

“This is a victory for the Polish people,” Discovery said in a statement. “We commend the president for doing the right thing and standing up for the democratic values of a free press and the rule of law.”

Duda told private broadcaster Polsat News that mass street protests in December had not influenced his decision as he had already stated his position on the issue in August.

Duda said at the time he believed any takeover of media owned by foreign companies should be carried out on market terms instead of introducing compulsory solutions.

Polish people demonstrating for free media
Monday’s veto will allow Poland to sidestep some conflicts with NATO.
Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto/Shutterst

Asked whether he was disappointed that PiS lawmakers had tried to proceed with the legislation despite his previous comments, he said he was “amazed.”

PiS spokeswoman Anita Czerwinska told state-run news agency PAP the party was “disappointed” by his decision.

Parliament could vote to overturn the president’s veto, but PiS does not have the required qualified majority of votes.

PiS has long argued that foreign media groups have too much power in Poland, distorting public debate.

A protester holds a sign saying "All I want for Christmas is a Democratic Poland"
Discovery praised Poland’s president for “standing up for democratic values of a free press and the rule of law.”
Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto/Shutterst

However, critics say that moves against them seek to limit media freedom and are part of an increasingly authoritarian agenda that has put Warsaw at loggerheads with the European Union.

Duda said during his televised statement announcing his decision that he generally believed limiting foreign ownership of media was sensible, but that any regulation should concern future investments in the sector, not current owners.

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